What are the Arctic wolves?
Arctic wolves belong to the sub-species class of the Gray Wolf. Presently, these two types of wolves can still interbreed due to their genetic characteristics. Though these species are often separated not only by territory but also by their lifestyle and behaviors. The Arctic wolves occupy a large landmass of the northern region compared to the Gray Wolf.
The Arctic wolves through evolution have learned to have settlements within caves, simple plateaus, and rock formations typically disguised as “dens”. Since the low ground land is often frozen solid, Arctic wolves seek the caves as a good hideout, given that they cannot dig dens and settlings into the ground compared to Gray Wolf which are fast diggers not minding the properties of the earth surface.
Their Past Record
In the past, these animals due to their predatorial instincts and behaviors were a fixed target by hunters within Europe. These hunting escapades have been reduced due to certain official regulations. During winter, Arctic wolves are often faced with rapid climate changes and thus reduce the amount of available food rationed among the packs. As they migrate, their population grows, and with time, they develop habitant adaptive features. They now survive for long because endangered species have been granted authorization to live free within their habitat by most government environmental regulatory bodies.
Amazing Facts About Arctic Wolf
1. Arctic wolves live in packs
Arctic wolf likes to live in packs of 4 to 7, sometimes they could reach up to 20 members, rarely do they live on their own. They prefer staying together and sometimes they use urine and scent to define and mark the territorial borders. This secures and improves their cooperative hunting strategy and together, these Arctic wolves can easily track down large prey.
2. Arctic wolves have an alpha male leading their herd
They respect the main leader called the alpha and only he is permitted to mate. During gestation periods, the female can give birth to an average of 3-5pups and during the spring, the number can increase up to 10.
3. Young arctic wolves do not leave their den for at least 3 months
As the young Arctic wolf begins to grow, they spend the first 3 months hidden inside their den and when they develop in strength, the young Arctic wolves are ready to join with their mother in hunting prey.
4. Arctic wolves are carnivorous animals
They are carnivorous animals. While they are young, they depend on their parents, until they are ready to hunt with the rest of the pack. The pups partially consume digested food which other members of the pack regurgitate after they are done with a hunt.
5. Arctic wolves have a diet similar to the other northern creatures.
Their diet is quite similar to other arctic creatures like – the fox, Arctic hare, caribou, muskoxen, seals, and lemming. While their natural enemies of the Arctic wolves are other similar packs and polar bears.
6. Arctic wolf is much smaller than a grey wolf
They are smaller than a grey wolf and have shorter legs, smaller ears, and shorter muzzle compared with other types of wolves. It has padded feet that facilitate movement across the frozen ground.
7. Arctic wolves are one of the fastest animals of the North pole
They are super-fast animals, very instinctive when on a hunt, and can reach a speed of 40 miles per hour chasing their prey. Arctic wolves can tolerate extreme temperatures which may last up to 5 months every year. When they make a large kill, it usually lasts only a few days with each member of the pack taking their turn to protect other animals and predators from stealing their meals.
8. Arctic wolves have a sense of smell 100 times more powerful than humans.
They have a sharp sense of hearing, smell, and vision. They can smell their prey from about 1.75 miles away. Arctic wolves also use their sense of smell to identify their pack members.
9. Arctic wolves can survive extreme winter climates
They have a thick, white-colored, double coat that helps them to survive in the extremely cold habitat. It acts as a good heat sustainer and provides comfort to them. The herd tries to stay close to each other, to generate heat among themselves.
10. Arctic wolves have a set of 42 sharp teeth that can crush a bone in seconds
Arctic wolf possesses strong mandible jaws with 42 rigid sharp teeth. They are designed to crush bones and tear the flesh of their prey. Arctic wolves can consume more than 36 pounds of meat every day.
11. Arctic wolves can live up to 5 years in the wild and 20 years in a sanctuary
Arctic wolves, due to their adaptive resilience, can survive for more than 5years in the wild habitat and over 12 to 21 years being domesticated. They can weigh over 150 pounds and measure up to 6 feet in length. The Arctic wolves succinctly communicate through their growls and the positioning of their tail.
Arctic wolf behaviors
The Arctic wolves are real team players notwithstanding who rule their terrains. They simply work together to achieve their main goal which is centered on getting the best hunting gains. This guarantees the survival of the entire pack at all times specifically for the younger pups. The Arctic wolf also possesses a high instinctive ability which helps them to secure habitats and dens from impending threats from their rivals.
These creatures are truly the master of their art. Amidst the habitual sufficiency or insufficiency, they can defend one another, especially those in the same pack. They live in sizeable pack units, which is akin to a family culture geared at defense, cooperation, and reproduction. Though through the advent of human development, a lot of these creatures have been reduced and their habitats have faced severe degradation.
Nonetheless, amidst these effects, humans are yet to understand the peculiarities of the Arctic wolf. The major difference between these Arctic species, specifically the Arctic wolf, is seen in their resilience and communal culture which they show within their general pack. They are one of the leading predators of the polar zone.
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