Top 10 animals with the longest tongue relative to its size
The giant anteater has the longest tongue in the animal kingdom. It can extend up to 2 feet beyond its mouth.
The giant anteater, scientifically known as Myrmecophaga is a mammal. Its body size varies to 6 to 49 inches with a tail varying from 7 to 35 inches. It weighs between 40 to 140 pounds.
The giant anteater mainly feeds on insects. They do not have teeth but their tongue is long enough to gather about 35000 ants or termites at one go. The giant anteater can reach 7 feet long from the tip of its snout to the end of its tail.
Anteaters have sharp claws to tear off an anthill and roll its tongue to wrap up thousands of ants at once. However, the ants fight back with their painful stings so an anteater can spend only a minute at one anthill.
It doesn’t destroy habitats to predate again shortly.
Anteaters are loners. Females produce offspring once a year. An anteater is not aggressive but could be fierce. Currently, has become vulnerable and is decreasing continuously. Soon they will fall under the category of endangered if not protected and conserved.
What animal has the longest tongue relative to its size?
The tube-lipped nectar bat has the longest tongue of all the creatures in the animal kingdom. It one the mammals to have the longest tongue(85mm) relative to its body size(3.3 in) which is 1.5 times longer than its body size.
The tube-lipped nectar bat is a bat from Ecuador. The description laid down in 2005 discovers the fact that it has an amazingly outrageous long tongue. They use their tongue to drink nectar from flowers.
The species name was first described as fistula, meaning “tube”. It refers to the bat’s lower lip which extends 3.3-4.8 mm beyond the upper lip and rolls down into a funnel shape. Thet detach their tongue is from their hyoid bones and extends past the pharynx deep into the thorax. This extension lies between sternum and trachea.
The diet of this creature includes nectar from the flowers including pollens and insects. This is possible due to its short jaw. Also, the tongue rests in its rib cage.
This was a brief overview of the bats. Now, as nature is a home for millions of species, let’s have a glance at some other species having some hidden secrets about their fascinating tongues.
Some amazing facts about the animal tongue:
A Chameleon‘s tongue is twice as long as its body:
A chameleon is an outstanding creature amazing body parts that makes its life much easier. A chameleon has a colour-changing property that it uses to protect and hide from time of danger. It also has the tongue, twice as long as its body, which is used to catch its prey. They shoot their tongue at great speeds to catch their prey and roll them in within seconds. The species also eyes which are capable of looking in every direction.
Chameleons have thick viscous saliva which could hold onto something thrice as heavy as the chameleon itself. Research continues to discover the facts about this creature.
Flamingo with its weird tongue:
Flamingos are famed for having a wider tongue than usual. They spiny bristles to coat their tongue and permit them to filter their food. These spines are covered with erectile tissues. These tissues form a crucial part of how their tongues work. Flamingos generally feed by dipping their heads upside down underwater. These tissues help them in stabilizing their head while feeding.
Sun Bears with the longest tongue among all the species in the kingdom of bears:
Sun bears have the longest tongue among all the species of the bear. Their tongue can reach up to 10inches long. These bears use their tongue to pave out tiny insects hiding in the tree trunks and crevices.
They are the tallest species among all the bears and also are speedy climbers.
Sun bears are blamed and killed for destroying crops in Southeast Asia. Currently, they are vulnerable and could be considered endangered if these practices continue.
Tigers have Jawlike tongues:
Tigers are native to Asia. They have a rough-textured tongue which assists them in grooming. These rear-facing rough structures are known as papillae. These papillae are sharp enough to rip out the flesh, fur, and feathers off their prey making their prey more palatable. Tigers are carnivores and considered one of the most dangerous species of the cat family dwelling in the wild. They have sharp claws to tear off their flesh easily. The skins have an orange plate with black stripes ranging through their orange furry coats. Their body texture is one of the most beautiful prints in the wild.
Hummingbird tongue pumps nectar from flowers:
Hummingbirds are one of the smallest species in the bird ecosystem. They are beautiful creations of nature though. Earlier it was a misconception that these birds pump out nectar from their slow capillary action. However, later scientists discovered that they have an amazing tongue to ingest nectar out from the flowers. Their tongues can use elastic energy to draw nectar from their mouth.
Giant palm Salamander’s tongue packs the hardest punch:
The species is famed for having the most explosive and powerful tongue in the animal kingdom. They can stretch their tongue to twice its length in just 7 milliseconds. The amount of power recorded in its tongue is about 1800 watts per kilogram of muscle. They feed mostly on insects and termites and grab them tremendously by their explosive tongue.
Snake tongues can identify its prey:
A snake’s tongue has two parts. The counterpart is for picking up scent particles in the air. They have a strong sense of smell that can detect its prey, avoiding predators or even finding a mate. Male snake is the only animal who use their tongue to sense the excretions from a female’s body when it is ready to mate. Snakes use its smart tongue in fooling frogs as worms and grab them as soon as they get closer to it.
A Giant Pangolins tongue is attached to its pelvis:
Their tongues clings to their pelvis but not the mouth. They feed mainly on insects and uses their tongue to grab them which measures about 2 feet in length. A pangolin’s tongue can measure about 10 inches out of there mouth.
People often believe that scales of pangolins have special healing powers as a result of which they are hunted down. However, this is untrue as their scales are made of keratin by which human hair is also made of. The species lies on the verge of being endangered and hence need protection.
These skinks have a massive blue tongue which they use to scare its predators. Skinks are a genus of lizards that comprises distinct species all of which having a blue tongue. They throw out their long blue tongue from their pink mouth whenever they sense the predators coming around. While they also produce hissing sound which is enough to make their hunters scary enough.
Giraffes with their giant tongues:
Giraffes have a long muscular dark-colored tongue. Their tongue is prehensile, meaning they are dexterous which they can easily manipulate to grasp leaves from the tallest branches. Apart from these, these species roll out to be distinct and have other special features. They are the tallest animals with long legs with brilliantly beautiful eyelashes tp protect their eyes. These species feed mainly on leaves and could consume hundreds of pounds of leaves just in a week. They can even go without drinking water for certain weeks. They have a dark purplish black pigmented tongue to prevent it from sunburn.
These were some beautiful creations of nature that have amazingly build tongues which often serve them with special protection and make their survival easier.
A large number of species reside in this animal kingdom. All live and sustain under the same roof.
Therefore, they all find a way of living for their survival, to protect themselves from their predators and to find out their food and shelters.
As a result, God has created each of its species uniquely so that they can fight for their survival and sustain easily in their environment. Presently, research and findings continue to bear out some more amazing facts about some unique creations of this universe.