From the time of the disappearance of dinosaurs, the ecosystem has flipped around the rise and fall of many species. Today, humans cover the major part of the planet concerning other species. On the contrary, many animals are falling apart and will be extinct soon. Although extinction is a natural phenomenon, presently it occurs at the rate of 5 species per year. We lack the knowledge of our world around and is currently unaware of some facts about our biodiversity and ecosystem.
Primarily, let’s get a little mindful and take a glance at the top species which are close to becoming extinct:
Facts about Black Rhino:
Black Rhino is a species of rhinoceros, native to eastern and southern Africa. The European settlers in the early 20th century, colonized parts of Africa to establish farms and plantations. They used to consider rhinos as vermin and tremendously killed them at a higher rate for almost no reason.
Records from a very long time show that rhinos are one of the animals that would extinct soon if the slaughter continues at this rate. Since then, a lot has been done for the protection of the species in the wild. Currently, their number has increased and reached more than 5000 but is still regarded as “endangered.”
List of animals at the verge of getting extinct:
Cross River Gorillas reside in an area densely populated by humans. The clearance of forests for timber and creating an area for livestock and agriculture leads to mass destruction of their habitat. The effects have severely led to the loss of their home and food resulting in unsustainable survival. This destruction has made Cross river Gorillas as one of the animals that would be extinct soon. Humans are making attempts to conserve forests and secure their habitat.
Presently the population of these gorillas is just 200-300.
Amur Leopard is the inhabitants of Savannas of Africa and has also adopted a small amount of life in the Eastern regions of Russia. They run at a rate of 37 miles per hour. This incredible animal can leap more than 19 feet horizontally and up to 10 feet vertically.
They are loners yet strong and carry their unfinished skills so that they are not killed by other predators.
The cause of their extinction is the human intervention for building lands for commercial purposes, making new roads and other benefits of agriculture. Natural causes include forest fires and natural disasters which lead to habitat eradication and loss of life. Presently, a really small number of around 60 leopards survive around the world.
Javan rhinos are the most threatened of the five rhino species, Only 60 individuals currently survive in Ujung Kulon National Park in Java, Indonesia. The last Javan Rhino of Vietnam died in 2010. These are single horned dusky grey color species, Their skin has loose folds which gives them the appearance of armour plating. They are poached and killed by humans for fulfilling their agricultural needs and livestock. Currently, their population has got so scarce that these animals would be extinct in the next few years. They need to be protected in the wild.
These species mostly cling on the trees and rarely migrate down. Males sometimes move around their place but females mostly cling at their place.
Among the 9 species of Orangutans, only 7 of them are viable for having more than 250 species. Only 3 of them have a population of around 1000. Orangutans were illegally traded or were kept as pets, due to which these animals would get extinct soon if not taken care of. They are now being reproduced at Bukit Tigapuluh National Park. Their current population is 70 and is expected to grow more now.
These tigers are natives to the Indonesian Island of Sumatra. Since 1978, their population has fallen from 1000 to less than 400. They are the smallest surviving species of all tigers. Tigers are often distinguished by heavy black stripes on their orange coats. Due to human intervention and hunting, their population has fallen and are one of the animals to get extinct really soon.
These species are the natives to the oceans of tropical oceans predominantly in the coral reefs. They feed mainly on sponges and jellyfish by using pointed beaks to extract them from crevices on the reef. In addition, they represent a group of reptiles and have travelled the seas for the last 1000 million years. They maintain a healthy environment in the ecosystem. Also, they form a chain between the corals and other living species of marine.
Currently, the Hawksbill Turtle is one of the animals that are on the verge of getting extinct. They are “critically endangered”.
Causes/Reasons for Extinction
Nature takes care of its fellow beings in every possible way. There’s a place reserved for every species, whether flora or fauna. Similarly, all deserve an equal chance of living a healthy life in a sustainable environment without the interference of other species. But in the real scenario, this seems a little impossible. Who’s to blame? Let’s check out some key points below which to find out the true picture behind:
Lack of Genetic Diversity: When the number of species of a kind starts shrinking in numbers, the pool available for mating with each other is restricted. This may lead to a lack of diversity. Mating with a completely unknown species is much more desirable than mating with a close one. In such a condition, it leads to risk factors such as “inbreeding” undesirable genetic traits, like susceptibility to fatal diseases. Because of the above reason and major loss of habitat, the dwindling population of cheetah suffers from low biodiversity as a result of which the flexibility of their survival in disrupted conditions is shattering.
Invasive Species: On eradication of their natural habitat by a human being or other creatures, the species tamper itself to be invasive and in agony. They may rise tremendously in the new arena hindering the outgrowth and survival of other species. The competition becomes one-sided because of which there are chances of existing species to lose their habitat.
Lack of Food and Disturbance of Food Chain:
Food and fodder is a major part of the survival of every human being. A great number of species starve a long way for food and eventually die out. The food chain is the natural food cycle of the ecosystem. Every living being directly or indirectly depends on one another. Loss of a group of species could affect the food chain another way around. For example, the killing of mosquitoes that feed on human blood is a great idea for preventing a lot of diseases. But, simultaneously if affects its predators who feed on mosquitoes. This eventually leads to the disturbance in the food chain and loss of species.
Loss of Habitat:
Every creature needs a kingdom to rule, feed itself, find shelter and up grow its family. For example, a bird needs a tree, a wild cat survives in the wild whereas, polar bears reside among the icy blankets. But, with human interference and destruction of large areas of forests, the inhabitants of the wild are losing their shelter.
A polluted, unhygienic and unhealthy environment is disturbing whilst impacting the health of a creature. Due to large industrial waste, pollution in the air, disposal of waste in water bodies influence the breathing cycle of the species. Also, several diseases pave their way around disturbing the natural processes of the system.
Climate Change and Global Warming:
The smoke and greenhouse gases produced as a result of vehicles and a large number of industrial waste contribute largely to the climatic changes. The rise in temperatures is melting glaciers. The unfamiliar and imbalance in rising and fall of temperature is a constant threat to these animals. The animals are unable to adapt to these conditions and eventually die.
Humans are a big threat to the natural ecosystem. They often tend to destroy and eradicate the habitats of other fellow beings for their purposes and greed. Humans use animals for various purposes like food, producing animal leather, livestock, agriculture, etc. There’s a great need for humans to understand that every species of the universe deserves to live and survive without any interference.
These were some of the misleading factors which often contribute to the disturbance of the natural flow of biodiversity. This ultimately leads to the extinction of endangered species.
What could be done to protect these species? Nature doesn’t always give the right to kill children of mother earth because this seems unfair.
Now let’s throw some light to some measures to protect the wildlife:
Ways to Protect Animal Kingdom
Recycle and use sustainable products:
An increase in the usage of eco-friendly and sustainable products will never go out of style. Recycling old products will save a piece of the element of the ecosystem. Cutting off the use of furniture saves trees. Recycle your phone as an electronic ore carves out from gorilla habitat who are on the verge of extinction. Taking petty measures and steps can even result in saving a large part of the ecosystem.
Grow More Plants:
Afforestation is any time better than deforestation and is a good deed. Planting more trees would help in keeping the surrounding atmosphere fresh and healthy. Moreover, species can find a new shelter to live in.
Reduce the level of water consumption:
Water is the uttermost need for survival for all the living beings of this universe. Not only aquatic animals depend on aqua life, but all species crave the thirst for water. Moreover, water prevention should be the priority of all. It protects marine life, as well as other lives, also remains healthy with clean and healthy water free of chemicals and disinfectants.
Do not buy plastic products:
Refuse plastics and limit their usage. Plastic produces a lot of chemical waste which again is harmful to the environment. Disposing of these products in the surroundings itself is a threat to these species. They can feed on these products and die at the spot. For example, cows can eat polythene bags that choke their oesophagus and die right there at the moment. Therefore, a severe need to reduce plastics is mandatory.
Reduce the usage of chemicals:
The use of chemical disinfectants like herbicides, insecticides, and pesticides to grow more plants could itself be harmful. The chemicals are harmful to the ecosystem. Also, when the animals or insects feed on these plants they die due to the consumption of chemicals. Therefore, mindful facts could be put into consideration.
Spread awareness and educate:
Organizing awareness campaigns spread alertness about the ecosystem and the species who struggle for the battle of survival.
Education is the ultimate power:
Kids should be taught about the ecosystem and what are the responsibilities of a human being towards nature. This would become a root cause for sustainable and healthy development for future civilization.
On a concluding note, we observe that a large number of species are on the verge of extinction or almost extinct. Reasons contributing to the scenario are large enough to lead to severe circumstances and destruction of the natural ecosystem. All of us should take a vow and join hands to initiate a good deed of saving the environment. One does not need to go out and battle around for saving their surroundings every time, it could be done from home.
For the sake and equality of all the species residing on this earth, small efforts by one gather and comes around to be a huge outcome saving many lives, many souls.